Ivanka Trump 2024 Flag, Animal Testing Should Be Banned Debate In Favour, Articles M

WebA serum sample has a titer value of 160 in an indirect ELISA. That the two species cannot be related through common descent. (b) sample from the thoracic duct of lymphatic system. Collectively, electrolytes help to maintain blood and tissue fluids in balanced state. They are located along lymphatic vessels. That answer was incorrect. From rough transfer of the blood t Concurrent hemolysis and lipemia. 8 Pages. It can be found in such areas as the kidney tubules, the covering of the ovary and as a component of the ducts of many glands. Four healthy people in their twenties got involved in injuries resulting in damage and death of few cells of the following. From rough transfer of the blood to the Concurrent hemolysis and lipemia. It contains all cell types and fibres of connective tissue. The lymph eventually enters the bloods near the heart. D. There would not be color present in any of the wells. is used to measure distance within our solar system.The A.U. WebThe five habitats that are mentioned in this product are: farm, zoo, safari, ocean, and house (pet).The following are included: Match the habitat: match the name of the habitat with each picture. Of lesser importance are the enzymes aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), which are also used to assess liver function. In motor neurons (which conduct nerve impulses toward muscle cells), these processes consist of a single, long axon (4) and many of shorter dendrites (5). Ossein is a protein present in matrix of bone. We are proud to work with our many partners in La Crosse, giving back every day to a community that generously supports our teaching, learning and service mission. Serum is collected by placing a tube of clotted blood in a machine called a centrifuge, which spins the blood very quickly in a small circle, forcing the cells to the bottom of the tube and allowing the serum to sit on top. The serum is then lifted off the top and placed in a fresh tube for testing. What is serum biochemistry? 7. Content Guidelines 2. WebThe Virus-Serum-Toxin Act or VSTA (P.L. These cookies help provide information on metrics the number of visitors, bounce rate, traffic source, etc. WebThe MagnusonStevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act is the primary law that governs marine fisheries management in U.S. federal waters. They secrete antibodies to destory microbes and their toxins, reject grafts and kill tumour cells. Haemoglobin and myoglobin are the pigments present in the blood and muscles respectively. Thinner, dark-staining elastic fibers (2) composed of the protein elastin can also be seen in the section. By convention, stratified epithelial tissues are named by the shape of their outermost cells. There are four stages egg, larvae, pupa, adult. This is a slide of a thin section taken from the mammalian kidney showing the many tubular ducts that make up much of this organ. Serum biochemistry refers to the chemical analysis of serum. 36. This slide shows a thin section of frog skin. This is a slide of a bundle of smooth muscle tissue that has been teased apart to reveal the individual cells. 35. Ciliated epithelium is a region of epithelium consisting of columnar orcuboidal cells bearing hairlike appendages that are capable of beating rapidly. 28. The Jade Emperor had It forms a complex with factor Vila in the presence of phospholipid and calcium ions; this complex converts factor X to Xa which in turn convert inactive prothrombin to thrombin during blood clotting. 32. Thrombocytes or platelets aid the formation of blood clots by releasing various protein substances. 3. 28. Chondrin sulphate consists of proteoglycans, that is protein chains bonded to long chains of disaccharide hyaluronic acid. anti rabbit IgM. Publish your original essays now. Thats right, youre amazing! The image to the left shows a model of pseudostratified columnar epithelium. Increased serum triglycerides (lipemia). WebIn this assay, a small aliquot of donor serum is mixed with patient red blood cells. Draw a line from each picture to the matching animal word and to the matching animal group word. Match the animals to the phenomenon that they undergo - Brainly The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Analytics". Web- fresh EDTA blood and serum or plasma - must be free from hemolysis and lipemia commercial crossmatch kits (40mins) - dogs: DEA 1.1 - cats:A,B, AB major crossmatch There is a thin layer of extracellular fluid in stratified epithelium whereas striated muscle is attached with tendons and there is very less amount of extracellular fluid in myelinated nerve fibre. (d) cylindrical, unbranched, striated, multinucleate and voluntary. Histamine secreting cells are found in. chniques? RBCs transport gases in the body. During the lactation period the cow produces milk that is used by cattle and human beings. Bumblebee. What do you know about two of these te Long bones, such as the humerus and femur, have a cavity, the marrow cavity, at the centre. WebThe goat will recognize the human antibodies as foreign proteins and will produce antibodies against them. It is present in cartilage as well as in extracellular material. Normal in small animals. You are the reason for our excellence! All T-cells are produced in thymus. Which one of the following contains the largest quantity of extracellular material? Serum containing a specific antibody or antitoxin may be used in the treatment or prevention of certain infections. Those designed for personal care and skin care can be used to cleanse or protect the body or skin. Cell junctions are especially abundant in epithelial tissues. The third figure represents cow and this is an unique feature of mammals to produce milk by their mammary gland. Testing for these various Experience the power of a UWL education through high-impact learning and life-long friendships, all while surrounded by the epic beauty of La Crosse. What is the independent variable in this experiment? (b): Neurons are least likely to be replaced by new cells as they have least regeneration power. A. ; Newborn bovine serum is But the joints of these cells are not water tight and can leak that water that is a major component of blood. A. Serum DNA and antinuclear antibodies. Proteoglycan in cartilages which is a part of polysaccharide is. 16. 13. This type of cartilage gives flexibility and support at the joints. Milky Bilirubi Red [ Choo: Clear and colorless [ Choo: Light yellow Bilirubi Pink, milky Choo: Orange [Choo: WebDavines A New Color Mixing RatioThe Century of Light is versatile and extremely easy to use and offers colorists partial or total lightening services, freehand techniques and on-scalp applications. The white fibres run parallel to form cords, called tendons. Cytochrome C is a protein that functions in cellular respiration as part of the electron transport chain. Was related to the human sample but was not the closest nor the furthest in Increased levels of creatinine indicate decreased kidney function. that function as an integrated unit called an organism. The most numerous of these fibers are the thicker, lightly staining (pink) collagen fibers (1). Simple cuboidal epithelium (cross section of the kidney), 6. At UWL, we are inspired every day by the driven, active and engaged students who make us so proud. Heparin is an anticoagulant present in blood. If a test result is abnormal, it may indicate that disease is present. If the otter dies off? by Cusp. The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies. The student plans to use an antibody to the human cytochrome C protein in an ELISA test on cytochrome C samples from these four organisms. Cardiac muscle is striated like skeletal muscle but adapted for involuntary, rhythmic contractions like smooth muscle. This slide is a cross section from the small intestine. A persistently high blood sugar is associated with diabetes mellitus, also known as "sugardiabetes." Serum containing a Briefly, the plasma or serum samples were digested by mixing with 1 mL of concentrated HNO 3 and 0.5 mL H 2 O 2 in propylene tubes and leaving at 60 C for 2 h. The digest thus obtained was diluted by adding 2.5 mL of ultrapure water and centrifuging at 2000 rpm for 5 min. At UWL, we live out the Wisconsin idea of public service and community engagement. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. 18. (c): Areolar tissue is a loose connective tissue comprised of a semifluid ground substance containing several kinds of loosely arranged fibres. (d) can squeeze through blood capillaries. From rough transfer of the blood to the Concurrent hemolysis and lipemia. B. (a): Proteoglycans consist of polysaccharide attached with a protein chondroitin. Increases in cholesterol are associated with hormonal and metabolic diseases, liver disease, and serious kidney disease. 151-158) was United States Federal legislation designed to protect farmers and livestock raisers by regulating the quality of vaccines and point-of-care diagnostics for animals. 15. Two commonly measured pancreatic enzymes are amylase and lipase. An organism with a beneficial trait is more likely to survive. Simple columnar epithelium (cross section of the small intestine), 7. knee joint. Matrix of bone is made up of a protein called ossein. 40 Questions with Answers and Explanations on Animal Tissue for Biology Students. Coombs reagent is an antiserum with antibodies that bind to human. It's such a wonderful feeling when you are close to nature. WebI am ready. Answer a. Blood helps the brain interpret different smells. Circulating neutralizing antibodies levels in sow the virus must be able to cross-link red blood cells directly. It covers moist surfaces where there is little wear and tear by friction such as inner lining of cheeks. Otter 3. 33. Known mutation rates for specific genes can estimate time of divergence from a common ancestor. There's a reason common vernacular refers to test 3. Modified white fibrous tissue is present in the tendons. Which of the following is agranulocyte? Calcium and Phosphorus. (Solved) - Match the animal from which each serum was taken: You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, Match the animals to the phenomenon that they undergo, Astronomers have developed several ways to measure the vast distances between Earth and the stars and galaxies. 29. The other three (thrombocytes, tendon and hyaline cartilage) belongs to connective tissue. Sheep, like cows and goats, are ruminant mammals, which means they digest their food in a stomach which has four compartments. View all Other Animal Serum products here or select the individual product lines from the list below. WebThe most common serum preparation considerations: Separate serum from red cells within two hours of venipuncture. 37. 10. Which of the following is a large molecule that evokes an immune response? WebIn this study, we explored the correlations between circulating levels of oxytocin, cortisol, and different social behaviors toward humans in 26 Italian Red Pied calves (all females, Another type of agranulocyte is monocyte. A. The lining of the trachea consists of a type of tissue called pseudostratified (ciliated) columnar epithelium. By that, he will enjoy the beauty of learning about animals. It lies on the basement layer. to inflate and deflate to breathe. Serum samples from a case-control subset of 228 animals were analyzed with proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. These cavities are known as lacunae and occur at regular intervals in these concentric layers of bone tissue. Note that skeletal muscle cells are multinucleate, that is, each cell has more than one nucleus. Help please ____ Write the direct source of energy for each organism 1. Add to Favorites. Work with the Community Engagement Office. In which one of the following preparations are you likely to come across cell junctions most frequently? , o a mutation that produces a certain trait. T-cells are derived from the bone marrow but migrate to the thymus to mature. Note: You are viewing this tissue section from the top! The serum ELISA test is based upon immune mechanisms. (b): Afferent nerve fibres carry impulses from the receptors to the central nervous system. Answer:The 4th figure is not metamorphosis. WebLactogenic immunity is important for the protection of piglets against many pathogens including porcine epidemic diarrhea virus. 2. Pancreatic Enzymes (amylase, lipase, pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity). In subsequent units of the Zoo Lab website, you will be introduced to the diversity of animal life that results from the interaction of all of these key components. Lymph glands filter lymph (lymphatic fluid), and they store lymphocytes (white blood cells). Essay on Leadership: Introduction, Functions, Types, Features and Importance. Dense regular connective tissue (tendon), 21. 2. rim the clot with applicator Lymph differs from blood in possessing. Its function is to attach the skin to the underlying tissues, to fill the spaces between various organs and thus holds them in place, and surrounds and supports the blood vessels. 5. It consists of a basic protein globin joined to a nonprotein group heme, hence the name haemoglobin. B. Serum antigens and specific antibodies. 8. [ Choose] Normal in small animals. This allows the detection of agglutinizing antibodies in the donor serum. In each osteon, the lamellae are arranged around a central Haversian canal that houses nerves and blood vessels in living bone. This product includes a Readers Theater describing the Chinese Legend of the different animals (Zodiac Signs). Antibodies can agglutinate cells or large particles into a visible matrix. Experts are tested by Chegg as specialists in their subject area. WebDescription. KS1 KS2 Educational Match up Vehicles. They consist of protein complexes and provide contact between neighbouring cells, between a cell and the extracellular matrix, or they built up the paracellular barrier of epithelia and control the paracellular transport. When blood clots, it separates into two parts a clear pale yellow liquid called serum and a small solid portion composed of blood cells. 9. From rough transfer of the blood to the Concurrent hemolysis and lipemia. A profile can be simple or complex and your veterinarian will determine which profile is best suited to the needs of your pet. WebBovine serum is classified according to the age of the animal from which the blood was collected: 2 Fetal bovine serum is sourced from fetuses. The use of animal serum in cell culture medium confers several advantages and also some risks. These cookies track visitors across websites and collect information to provide customized ads. What is involved in the process of artificial selection? When blood clots, it separates into two parts a clear pale yellow liquid called serum and a small solid portion composed of blood cells. 2003-2023 Chegg Inc. All rights reserved. 34. Heme is an iron-porphyrin ring. The second figure shows regeneration in cnidaria. 37. Seasonal influenza (flu) vaccines are designed to protect against the four main groups of flu Type A and B viruses that research indicates are most likely to spread and cause illness among people during the upcoming flu season. This slide showing a cross section of the mammalian trachea (wind pipe) contains examples of several different kinds of tissues. Normal in large animals. It causes running nose, sneezing and itching; and narrows the airways in the lungs. (See Elastic, calcified and fibrous cartilages occur in other parts of body. This type of tissue is adapted for secretion and absorption. They originate from neural plate of embryonic ectoderm and serve as structural and functional units of nervous tissue. F An astronomical unit is about 93 million kilometers. UWL pride stays strong long after graduation! Answer d. This test is done to ensurethat the recipient is not making antibodies against antigens outside the ABO or Rh systems. WebQuestion 14 6 out of 6 points The table below gives the litter size (number of piglets surviving to 21 days) for each of 36 sows. We will be unable to accept samples for However, unlike in puppies, IgG and IgA are not present in kitten serum at birth. Simple squamous epithelium forms the inside walls of blood vessels (endothelium), the wall of Bowman's capsule of the kidney, the lining of the body cavity and viscera (parietal and visceral peritoneum) and the walls of the air sacs (alveoli) and respiratory ducts of the lung. 7. These proteins can be measured individually, or combined into a single test called total protein, which measures all protein in the sample. (Refer to the section on hemostasis in your lesson.) Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in healthy and dexamethasone-stressed hens was measured by applying four different spectrophotometric methods—the ferric reducing ability (FRAP) assay, the 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzotiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation decolorization assay, the free radical scavenging activity This slide contains a section of dried compact bone. Already have a myVCA account? Was the least closely related to humans than the other samples. (Choose 4) It articulates with the scapula at the glenoid cavity and with the ulna and radius at the elbow. Helps smooth, plump and hydrate skin. Smooth muscle is often arranged in two layers that run perpendicular to one another, a circular layer whose fibers appear in cross section as shown on the model above and a longitudinal layer whose fibers appear like the ends of a cut cable when viewed on-end. Hyaline cartilage (cross section of the trachea), 10. The lack of protein intake or protein loss in animals can result in losses of serum albumin levels. Guinea Pigs. In mammals and amphibians, this ammonia is turned into urea, processed by the kidneys, mixed with water, and excreted as urine. Interestingly, birds and reptiles secrete urea in solid form along with their other wastes. These animals technically have urinary systems, but they don't produce liquid urine. In addition to the pseudostratified columnar epithelium lining the trachea and hyaline cartilage, also seen on this slide is an extensive area of adipose tissue, which is specialized for fat storage. Read each statement and give one word for each statement. Kidney Tests (urea, creatinine). Group 1 (negative control) were given distilled water and normal diet, Groups 2 and 3 The serum ELISA test is based on interaction between It consists of two parts: a fluid matrix, the plasma, in which float amoeboid cells, the white blood corpuscles, or leucocytes. 1. 17. Browse the A-Z index. Happy with a less complicated story, the press didn't Compact bone (cross section of dried bone), 14. Increased muscle enzyme levels are often found with muscular activity (exercise, exertion, convulsions etc. Determining an individuals blood type and how it reacts with Anti A, Anti-B, and Anti Rh serums played a crucial part in this experiment. Low blood sugar is also associated with some types of cancer, bacterial infections, or insulin overdose in diabetic patients. In most animals, smooth muscle tissue is arranged in circular and longitudinal layers that act antagonistically to shorten or lengthen and constrict or expand the body or organ. The more closely related two different species are. Before publishing your Essay on this site, please read the following pages: 1. 33. Sections were then blocked for one hour in 5% normal goat serum (NGS) in PBST (0.3% Triton X-100 in 1 PBS). 23. They also help in healing of injuries. It has fewer very fine white fibres in the matrix. It is made up of a highly vascular connective tissue containing lymphatic nodules. B. Serum antigens and specific antibodies. The layer of actively dividing cells of skin is termed as, (c) Stratum malpighii/stratum germinativum. KS1 WebThe lipoproteins have been examined in more than 300 serum or plasma samples taken during life or at post mortem from a fairly wide range of mammals, birds and reptiles. The animals/groups are: ant/insect, penguin/bird, Place one drop of anti-B serum into wells A2, 82, and C2.reaest Figure &:Labeling gm for 7. These cells look hexagonal in surface view but when viewed from the side (as shown in the image of the model above), they appear flat with bulges where nuclei are located. Follow your path. These should be full (approximately 600 L of blood/tube). (c): Chondrin is a protein present in the matrix of cartilage. Branching from the cell body are cytoplasmic extensions called nerve cell processes. 12. 8. The last step is to add the detection dye (which binds to the detection antibody) to the wells and allow it to incubate. Open Document. WebWhat can kids learn from this activity? She isolates and purifies the This slide shows a thin section of loose connective tissue (sometimes called areolar tissue). These Schwann cells secrete a fatty myelin sheath (3), which is shown in yellow on the model, that protects and insulates nerve fibers from one another and increases the speed of transmission of nerve impulses. This value indicates: A. the sample can be diluted 160 fold (i.e. WebSerum biochemistry refers to the chemical analysis of serum. 42. Serum is collected by placing a tube of clotted blood in a machine called a centrifuge, which spins the blood very quickly in a small circle, forcing the cells to the bottom of the tube and allowing the serum to sit on top. They are made of cells that are connected to each other in a cylinder to form a hose. Projecting into the intestinal lumen (space) are numerous finger-like projections called villi, which function to slow the passage of food and increase the surface area for the absorption of nutrients. Web18. D. Watch this video that demonstrates agglutination reactions with latex beads. (b): In areolar tissue, there is more intercellular space, so largest quantity of extracellular material is present in this tissue. Energy for life what would likely happen to the kelp The lymphatic system is only found in higher vertebrates, and it has two main functions: to keep the circulatory system supplied with the plasma component of blood Fibroblasts and histiocytes are also found in the matrix of areolar tissue. Year 1 - Classify animals Quiz. The muscularis externa is divided into an outer longitudinal muscle layer with cells that run along the axis of the intestine and an inner, circular muscle layer whose fibers encircle the organ. B. 7. (a) deposition of bony matter by osteoblasts and resorption by chondroclasts, (b) deposition of bony matter by osteoclasts, (c) deposition of bony matter by osteoclasts only. B. Agglutinant Animal serum is a common additive for cell culture medium and is often required at 5 to 10% ( v / v) for the attachment and growth of primary and continuous anchorage-dependent (monolayer) cultures. The tissue appears stratified (occurring in several layers) because the cells are not all the same height and because their nuclei (shown as black oval structures) are located at different levels. In a latex bead assay to test for antibodies in a patient's serum, with what are the beads coated? Supporting the trachea is a ring of connective tissue called hyaline cartilage. Blood helps the lungs Its a tenet of nature that the typical bee feeds off the nectar of a plant for pollinating that plant, but some bees are too Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. About 70% of each chicken bite consists of cultured cells. Not sure what you're looking for? An epithelial tissue which has thin flat cells, arranged edge to edge so as to appear like closely packed tiles, is found to be present at. What is a cross-match assay, and why is it performed? (d): Mast cells are granulated wandering cells that are found in connective tissue. It differs from the blood in lacking red blood cells and some blood proteins. (a): Sweat is secreted by sweat glands of skin and helps in regulating body temperature. (c): Nerve cells are the highly excitable cells, specialized for impulse conduction. In terms of understanding the workings of the multicellular animal body, however, you should realize that tissues are but one of many connected levels of biological organization. The steps that the body took to D. That members of the two species will look and function exactly alike. They ensure that the force exerted by muscular contraction is transmitted to the relevant part of the body to be moved. Simple columnar epithelium is composed of tall (columnar) cells that are closely packed together. Human cytochrome C (d): From the given four options cell junctions come across most frequently in the preparation of ciliated epithelium. 1/160) and still be positive in the ELISA test B. the Their granules contain histamine which is a vasodilator. A temporary rise in blood sugar is commonly found in cats associated with the excitement of visiting the veterinarian; this stress response can make it difficult to diagnose diabetes mellitus in some cats. E Astronomers measure distances to objects which are outside our solar system in light-years.Astronomers measure distances to objects which are outside our solar system in light-years. Biology Question Bank 65 MCQs on Plant Reproduction Answered! Calcitonin is a hormone secreted by thyroid gland. WebRedcay's Resources. Beneath a thin, outer covering of the intestine called the serosa is a thick layer of smooth muscle cells called the muscularis externa. These specialized junctional zones are unique to cardiac muscle. D A light-year (ly) is the distance that light can travel in one year in a vacuum.A light-year (ly) is the distance that light can travel in one year in a vacuum. L'Oreal True Match Nude Hyaluronic Tinted Serum ingredients explained: Aqua/Water/Eau, Isododecane, Dimethicone, Alcohol Denat, Trimethylsiloxysilicate, Butylene Glycol, PEG-10 Dimethicone, Perlite, Sodium Hyaluronate, Nylon-12, Isopropyl Lauroyl Sarcosinate, Diisopropyl Sebacate, Disteardimonium Hectorite, Hdi/Trimethylol Globular proteins have compact rounded molecules and are usually water soluble. Disturbances in electrolytes are often caused by vomiting, diarrhea, and kidney disease, and accompany many serious metabolic disorders. A variant of this test is the mare-foal or mare-stallion Each panel or profile is a selected group of biochemistry tests designed to investigate a specific interest or concern. after blood collection allow blood to stand at room temp for atleast 30 min or incubate sample at 37 degrees C for 15 min to allow sample to clot. Which cells do not form layer and remains structurally separate? So, to correctly identify the type of tissue requires three words (e.g., simple columnar epithelium, stratified, squamous epithelium, etc. (a): Formation of WBCs, antibodies and destruction of bacteria occur in lymph glands while formation of RBCs occur in bone marrow. does not have a previously undetected bacterial or viral infection. (a): The smooth muscle consists of long, narrow unbranched spindle-shaped fibres. Living cells are present only at the base of hair i.e. Bilirubin is a pigment produced primarily in the liver that is associated with the breakdown of hemoglobin from red blood cells. Krista Williams, BSc, DVM, CCRP; Kristiina Ruotsalo, DVM, DVSc, Dip ACVP; Margo S. Tant BSc, DVM, DVSc, Contributors: Krista Williams, BSc, DVM, CCRP; Kristiina Ruotsalo, DVM, DVSc, Dip ACVP; Margo S. Tant BSc, DVM, DVSc. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. C. Common ancestry. It is frequently used to determine evolutionary relationships between different organisms because it is highly conserved (only differs slightly) between different organisms. The cookies is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Necessary". Sebum is the waxy secretion secreted by sebaceous glands. (b): Nasal septum consists of hyaline cartilage. 22. (d) deposition of bony matter by osteoblasts only. For an example of such an arrangement, see the two smooth muscle layers on a cross section of mammalian gut. Epithelial tissues are classified according to the number of cell layers that make up the tissue and the shape of the cells. Number of piglets Frequency (#) 5 2 6 0 7 4 8 2 40. The outermost portion of this skin is composed of a single layer of irregularly-shaped, flat (squamous) cells, which gives the tissue its name. So this, um this question here is asking about affinity, maturation and in particular, how we can measure that using dissociation constants. Efferent nerve fibres conduct nerve impulses from the central nervous system to the effector organs such as muscles and glands. Which one of the following pairs of structures distinguishes a nerve cell from other types of cell? Creatinine High amount of meat in a recent meal can affect serum creatinine test significantly and it must in mind when testing for monitoring eGFR5 Starvation and low caloric intake It results in some changes to parameters like thyroid, glucose, renal function, liver function, and lipids. 30. by Tiktactoe. actually does have the blood type stated in the online chart. Milky Bilirubi Red [ Choo: Clear and colorless [ Choo: Light yellow Bilirubi Pink, milky Choo: Orange [Choo: Connective tissue is widely distributed and has many functions including support, packing, defence and repair. Formula infused with Squalane and Hyaluronic Acid deliver 24 hours of hydration and major moisture for healthy, well-rested vibes. Increased levels of globulins are often associated with infectious diseases, immune-mediated disease, and some types of cancer. A. (1) $4.00. (c): Ligament occurs in the form of cords in a modified yellow elastic fibrous tissue and connects bone with a bone. This slide shows a cross section of the esophagus, the first portion of the digestive tract that leads to the stomach. the virus must not be able to lyse red blood cells. C. Cytochrome C is a protein found in all species, and functions in energy metabolism.